Just three years ago, those involved in the development of artificial intelligence (AI) saw the enormity of the opportunities it presented for human health, according to Haytham Assem, chief scientist at the Huawei Ireland Research Center.
“In 2018, the AI community began to realize the potential impact of AI in healthcare after ProFound AI, cancer detection software that successfully helps radiologists find digital breast tomosynthesis ( DBT) early in patients. This marked what was to come in the world of AI healthcare. “
The automobile industry had already set to work. In 2015, an Audi SQ5 equipped by Delphi Technologies with an autonomous driving kit toured the United States in nine days.
“The trip marked a huge step forward in the future of driverless cars and made more evident the potential impact in the automotive industry for the next decade,” said Assem.
He believes the auto industry now offers a clear example of how AI will complement and change the way we live.
The industry is currently at what is called “level 2” automation, that is, partial automation of driving.
“Soon we should be achieving level 3 automation, which is conditional driving automation where people inside the vehicle can start engaging in other activities without needing to oversee the technology. There is no doubt that we will achieve a lot more Tier 2 automation adoption in 2022 and we will start to see Tier 3 automation kick in from 2023. ”
As self-driving car technology matures, the logistics industry will be a big beneficiary, especially since it has already been disrupted by the sensor-based technologies of the Internet of Things (IoT). .
“By coupling AI to IoT, we anticipate that AI will not only be used to determine changes in demand behaviors and optimize inventory levels and replenishment plans to fuel the continuous loop of demand. product lifecycle management, but with the maturity of autonomous driving. technology, we expect to see autonomous delivery robots ready on our streets over the next five years, ”said Assem.
Things are also moving in the area of health. “AI is already changing the patient and clinician experience in many ways. However, by no means have we realized its full impact. The challenges to date have been more related to the framework for regulators to approve AI-based applications and to technically close the gap in the area of ’explainable AI’, which will help clinicians and practitioners. patients understand the reason for the suggestions of AI systems. ,” he says.
Both fields are maturing relatively quickly and therefore he predicts an increase in AI systems and in crucial areas such as robot-assisted therapy over the next five years as well.
Significant breakthroughs in natural language processing (NLP) technology will drive rapid growth of virtual assistants in various industries including social services, education, healthcare and customer support, he predicts.
These include breakthroughs in NLP such as ‘transformers’, a new deep learning architecture that aims to mimic the human ability to understand text by being able to remember the context mentioned earlier in a conversation, leading to more reliable applications such as chatbots, language translators and search engines.
Huawei’s Irish Research Center is active in this area. “We built natural language comprehension engines that were essentially able to understand intent from what the user asks for in over 50 languages, outperforming human performance,” he says.
“We hope to share our technology with the open source community soon so that they can benefit from it and foster the ecosystem of the AI application market in Ireland and Europe.”
A host of other trends will also have an impact on our daily lives, suggests Alessia Paccagnini, academic director of the Master of Quantitative Finance at Michael Smurfit Business School, UCD.
“The most important trends we’re likely to see in this space include facial recognition, which is already being used in smartphones or other devices to improve data protection. It will be an important part in our future life to access digital health and financial services, and when it is necessary to have an additional level of privacy and data protection in cybersecurity, ”she predicts.
She also predicts that the intersection between the Internet of Things and AI will develop, into AIoT (Artificial Internet of Things) – think Alexa or Siri.
For her, DARQ materials are also on the rise. The acronym, coined by Accenture, stands for Distributed Ledger Technology, the type that supports cryptocurrencies, AI, extended reality, and quantum computing, which together will improve the way we store and let’s deal with big data, as well as the quality of the resulting information. .
“For example, extended reality will improve collaboration from different locations and avoid frequent travel. I could pretend to teach my students at UCD Smurfit while I’m in New York speaking at a conference or vice versa, ”she says.
She also believes that advancements in NLP will improve communication between humans and robots, and AI-powered devices will help improve services.
“For example, in finance by offering new digital services that will replace physical banks. In the health sector, a glove is being developed to help people with Parkinson’s disease regain a firm hand, ”explains Paccagnini.
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) will aim to automate business processes while hyper-automation or hyper-personalization will improve marketing and increase loyalty, enabling a personalized experience for consumers, she said.
Also watch out for GANs, or generative accusatory networks, says Assem.
“These are also seen as a bright future for deep learning with their incredible ability to create visuals and images that never existed. The future trend of GANs is expected to impact on interesting topics such as image-to-image translation, text-to-image translation, photo blending, clothing translation and 3D object generation ”, a- he declared.
All in all, everything is about to change.
“Digital technology is reshaping the world around us, and we want to ensure that this future is inclusive so that everyone can benefit from the changes brought about by digital technology.
“Mature business applications of new technologies – especially 5G, cloud computing, AI and blockchain – are accelerating the digital transformation of all industries. This will present huge opportunities for the creation of new industries, which will lead to new roles that we have never had before, ”he said.